Installing and configuring Linux Firewall
When I decided to get DSL and get static IP addresses to my basement,
I had to protect my babies behind the firewall against the hackers.
I bought the computer which I use for the firewall in the surplus
store of OSU for $25. It has a 2 Gig drive, and a 133 MHz non-MMX pentium.
And I never saw an average load on it above 0.05. The 486 would probably
do, but you probably cannot get them anymore. When you install Linux,
note that you do not want to install a lot on the firewall, but you
want to install kernel and firewall (iptables). You need networking
support, but this is it. No compilers, no develpment, no graphics,
publishing, etc., etc., Just have a barebone Linux, networking, and firewall.
The script has a lot of comments. The script itself is short, but comments
are 10 times the actual commands. I hope you will learn something out of them.
When you save files, rename them by skipping ".txt" extension.
Please help me fix the bugs and problmes which you see with these files,
so they are useful. Just send me e-mail to email@example.com
- startfw -- this is an
overcommented script with all the details you ever wanted to know.
Copy this script to /usr/sbin/startfw since this is were other
scripts expect it.
- network -- this is an example
of script which starts your ethernet cards on boot up. Save the
original /etc/rc.d/init/network script as network.orig or something
and copy this script over it. Remember to change the IP addresses to
those which you got from your ISP. Remember to assign the right
modules in the /etc/modules.conf to your ethernet interfaces.
- iptables -- this is a
init script which replaces your /etc/rc.d/init.d/iptables script.
Save the original script which came with Linux to something like:
iptables.orig and copy this scrip over it. Remember to disable
original ipchains and iptables as described in the startfs script
comments (yes... sorry... you have to read it all).
- flushfw -- this script
flushes the tables of the firewall, i.e., in other words, it just
switches the firewall off. You need to run startfw to get firewall
back in action after you ran the flashfw script. Copy it to
/usr/sbin/flushfw since other scripts expect it there.
- iplisting -- this script
lists the rules which are currently set in iptables. Just run it
to check what is really set inside your iptables.
Jan Labanowski, firstname.lastname@example.org